China enjoys a long and magnificent history and a splendid and colorful traditional culture. The book presents the brightest crystals of Chinese culture and history, which occupy only a fraction of the whole, with the purpose of providing our readers with a general but initial understanding of Chinese civilization. As early as the middle 16th century BC China entered the earliest recorded written history and developed the earliest art of writing - inscriptions on oracle bones, and made grand bronze ware and pottery of excellent workmanship. In the following years, Chinese civilization has surprised the whole world with her great inventions and innovations one after the other and rich cultural heritage. The book, divided into 12 chapters from the time of the Remote Antiquity to the Republic of China, shows the readers the vital events taking place during the past thousands of years in Chinese history.